Deportation of Ukrainian citizens to the territory of the Russian Federation: signs and context

This report aims to examine all the circumstances of the displacement of protected persons from the occupied territories of Ukraine to other occupied territories and to the territory of RF. In particular, the report considers the conditions in which people stayed before such displacement and in which they decided to leave their place of residence; whether the choice to leave the territory of stay was free; under what conditions the independent departure of persons can be considered forcible transfer and deportation; whether existing measures of RF regarding the displacement of protected persons can fall under the concept of “evacuation” and whether they can be classified as forcible transfer and deportation.

The analytical report covers the period between 24 February 2022 and 4 March 2023.

The present analytical report is based on the information collected by the Human Rights Centre ZMINA both from open sources and while documenting the testimonies of persons who suffered or witnessed the crime of forcible transfer and deportation, as well as on the analysis of the legal framework and statements by the state authorities of RF on the accommodation and exercise of rights of Ukrainian citizens displaced to other occupied territories and the territory of RF.

The report is available in English and Ukrainian.